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~ The seven daughters of Atlas, the Pleiades ~ The Pleiades were the seven daughters of the titan Atlas and the sea-nymph Pleione. They were the sisters of Calypso, the Hyades, and the Hesperides. The Pleiades were nymphs in the train of Artemis, and together with the seven Hyades were called the Atlantides, Dodonides, or Nysiades, nursemaids and teachers to the infant Dionysus. They were thought to have been translated to the night sky as a cluster of stars, the Pleiades, and were associated with rain. Several male Olympian gods were engaged in affairs with them. These relationships resulted in the birth of their children. Maia, eldest of the seven Pleiades, was mother of Hermes by Zeus. Electra was mother of Dardanus and Iasion, by Zeus. Taygete was mother of Lacedaemon, also by Zeus. Alcyone was mother of Hyrieus, Hyperenor and Aethusa by Poseidon. Celaeno was mother of Lycus, Nycteus and of Eurypylus by Poseidon. Sterope was mother of Oenomaus by Ares. Merope, youngest of the seven Pleiades, was wooed by Orion, but she married Sisyphus and, becoming mortal, faded away. She bore Sisyphus several sons. The Pleiades became stars. All seven sisters committed suicide because they were so saddened by the fate of their father, Atlas, who was forced to carry the heavens on his shoulders. In turn Zeus immortalized the sisters by placing them in the sky. There these seven stars formed the star cluster known thereafter as the Pleiades, to support Atlas. Painting : The Pleiades, by Elihu Vedder ? #thepleiades #pleiades #nymph #mythology #greekmythology #history #art #artlovers #arthistory #historyofart #painting #artist #elihuvedder #strongwomen #womenfromhistory

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